THE BOSNIAN TRAGEDY
by Sara Flounders, International Action Center, 1995
This pamplet is part of the forthcoming book, NATO in the Balkans: Voices in Opposition
The recurring media image of Yugoslavia in the United States and Europe is of desperate people fleeing local war and ethnic hatred or living a precarious existence dependent on United Nations convoys for their next meal.
According to the United Nations High Commission on Refugees, this is the largest refugee population in the world. By 1994 figures, there are over 3.7 million war refugees in the former Yugoslavia. The war has taken its toll on all participants in the struggle. Of the refugees, 44% are Muslim, 36% are Serbs and 20% are Croatian. The enormous human suffering represented in these cold statistics cannot be calculated.
The very names Bosnia and Serbia are now associated with "ethnic cleansing," mass rape, atrocities and age-old national hatreds.
U.S. involvement, UN troops and NATO forces are depicted as peacekeepers or neutral forces that are carrying out humanitarian or diplomatic missions. When UN officials, NATO generals, and U.S., British, French or German diplomats meet its to discuss the newest peace plan. Every measure is always described as being based on deep concern over how to end the fighting.
Is the civil war raging in Yugoslavia a case of spontaneous combustion caused by "ancient ethnic hatreds" burning out of control? Is the U.S. government an innocent bystander? Is the real problem presidential indecision about how to defend a small, oppressed Bosnian Moslem government targeted by the new fascists of the 1990sthe Serbs?
Age-old ethnic hatred among small nationalities didnt just explode into modern-day barbarism. Rather, war exists in the region as a result of the intervention of outside powers. In this process the U.S. has been neither an innocent bystander nor a neutral party.
A closer examination of the root causes of the incredibly destructive civil war raging in the region yields a completely different picture.
The reality is that the U.S. government lit the fire in the Balkans. At every stage Washington has acted as an arsonist pouring gasoline on the flames.
The greatest responsibility for the dismemberment of Yugoslavia and the resulting civil war lies with the U.S. government. It was not an accident or an oversight. It was a policy decision.
Each step the U.S. has taken has widened the war and increased divisions in the region.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Origins of the breakupa U.S. law
Control of the purse strings
Casting the Serbs as fascists
The rape charge
Control through division in Bosnia
The CIA role in Bosnia
UN leaks information on U.S. role
Use of war propaganda
U.S. support for Croatian invasion of Krajina
"Safe areas" launching pads for U.S. war
The pretext for NATO bombs
"End the arms embargo" means widen the war
War is called peace
Sanctions: Economic domination of the region
The Pentagon plan
Operation Balkan Storm
The only solutionU.S. out
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BACK TO NATO IN THE BALKANS TABLE OF CONTENTS
BACK TO BALKANS: NO TO NATO EXPANSION
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